Demystifying Open Access
The tenets of Open Access are to grant anyone, anywhere and anytime
free access to the results of scientific research.
HEP spearheaded the Open Access dissemination of scientific results
with the mass mailing of preprints in the pre-WWW era and with the
launch of the arXiv preprint system at the dawn of the '90s. The HEP
community is now ready for a further push to Open Access while
retaining all the advantages of the peer-review system and, at the
same time, bring the spiralling cost of journal subscriptions under
I will present a possible plan for the conversion to Open Access of
HEP peer-reviewed journals, through a consortium of HEP funding
agencies, laboratories and libraries: SCOAP3 (Sponsoring Consortium
for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics). SCOAP3 will engage
with scientific publishers towards building a sustainable model for
Open Access publishing, which is as transparent as possible for HEP
The current system in which journals income comes from subscription
fees is replaced with a scheme where SCOAP3 compensates publishers for
the costs incurred to organise the peer-review service and give Open
Access to the final version of articles. SCOAP3 will be funded by all
countries active in HEP under a "fair share" scenario, according to
their production of HEP articles.
In this talk I will present a short overview of the history of Open
Access in HEP, the details of the SCOAP3 model and the outlook for its
Slides from this talk are available here. The report of the SCOAP Working Party is available here.